Mendut Temple, Magelang (Indonesia)

Mendut background is a Buddhist temple. This temple is situated in the village Mendut, Mungkid district, Magelang regency, Central Java, a few kilometers from the temple of Borobudur.

Mendut Temple
Mendut founded during the reign of King Indra of the dynasty dynasty. In the inscription which bertarikh Karangtengah 824 AD, stated that the king Indra has built a shrine named wenuwana which means bamboo forests. By a Dutch archaeologist named J.G. de Casparis, this word is associated with Mendut.

Temple Architecture

Mendut Temple
Building materials is actually a brick temple that was covered with natural stone. The building is located on a high basement, so it looks more elegant and sturdy. Climbed the stairs and the entrance facing south-west. In the basement there is a corridor that surrounds the temple. The roof is three-tiered and decorated with small stupas. Number of small stupas are built now are 48 pieces.

Decoration found in the form of ornate temples Mendut that criss-cross. Decorated with carvings of celestial beings and gods gandarwa apsaras or angel, two monkeys and an eagle.

On both sides of the stairs there are reliefs Pancatantra and Jataka stories.

Mendut Temple
The temple walls are decorated with reliefs of which Boddhisatwa Awalokiteswara, Maitreya, Wajrapāṇi and Manjusri. On the walls of the temple are reliefs kalpataru, two angels, Hariti (a yaksi who repent and then follow the Buddha) and Āţawaka.
Buddha in a position dharmacakramudra.

Inside the main temple there were three large Buddha statues: the Dhyani Buddha with attitude Wairocana hands (mudra) dharmacakramudra. In front of Buddha statues there are wheel-shaped relief and flanked by a pair of deer, the symbol of Buddha. On the left there is a statue Awalokiteswara (Padmapani) and the right of the statue Wajrapāņi. Now in front of Buddha statues, incense and incense placed baskets to donate. The visitors could light a incense and pray here. (Article: wikipedia) 

Borobudur Temple, Magelang (Indonesia)

Borobudur Temple
Borobudur temple is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. Location of the temple is about 100 km southwest of Semarang and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta. The temple was founded by the Mahayana Buddhists around AD 800-AD in the reign of an dynasty dynasty. In Chinese, this temple is also called  婆罗 浮屠 (Hanyu Pinyin: po luo fu tu)

Borobudur Temple is different form Prambanan Temple, want to see article click here.

Many theories attempt to explain the name of this temple. One of them states that the name is probably derived from the word Sambharabhudhara, which means "mountain" (bhudara) where the slopes are located terraces. In addition there are some other folk etymology. Suppose that the word comes from the word Borobudur "the Buddha" is due to shift the sound to Borobudur. Another explanation is that the name comes from two words "coal" and "beduhur". The word bara said to have originated from the word monastery, while there is also another explanation in which the coal comes from Sanskrit which means temple or monastery and beduhur meaning is "high", or remind the Balinese language means "above". So the point is a convent or dormitory that is located on high ground.

Borobudur Temple
Historian J.G. de Casparis in his dissertation to earn his doctorate in 1950 argued that Borobudur is a place of worship. Based on the inscriptions and Kahulunan Karangtengah, founder of the Borobudur Casparis estimate is the king of Mataram dynasty dynasty named Samaratungga, who did the construction of around 824 AD The giant new building can be completed at the time of her daughter, Queen Pramudawardhani. Borobudur construction expected to take half a century. Karangtengah also mentioned in the inscription on the conferment of land sima (tax-free land) by Cri Kahulunan (Pramudawardhani) to maintain Kamulan called Bhūmisambhāra. The term itself comes from the word Kamulan first place the origin of meaning, a shrine to honor ancestors, probably the ancestor of the dynasty Sailendra. Casparis estimates that Bhumi Sambhāra Bhudhāra in Sanskrit which means "Mount of the set of ten levels boddhisattwa virtue", is the original name of Borobudur.

The structure of Borobudur

Borobudur Temple
Borobudur punden shaped staircase, which consists of six levels of a square, three levels of a circular and a main stupa as the peak. Also scattered at all levels-levels several stupas.
Borobudur which illustrates clearly the ten-story school of Mahayana philosophy. like a book, Borobudur describes ten levels of Bodhisattva who must pass to reach the perfection of the Buddha.

The foot of Borobudur represents Kamadhatu, the world is still dominated by kama or "low desire". This section is mostly covered by a pile of rocks that allegedly made to strengthen the construction of the temple. At the closed part of this additional structure there are 120 stories Kammawibhangga panel. Small portion was set aside additional structure so that people can still see the relief in this section.

Four floors with walls berelief on it by the experts called Rupadhatu. The floor is rectangular. Rupadhatu is a world that has been able to break free from passion, but still bound by the appearance and shape. This level represents the nature of which, between nature and the natural bottom up. In part this Rupadhatu Buddha statues found in the recesses of the wall above the ballustrade or walkways.

Start the fifth to the seventh floor the walls are not berelief. This level is called Arupadhatu (which means no tangible form or not). Circular floor plan. This level represents the nature of, where people are free from all desires and bond forms and shapes, but have not reached nirvana. Buddha statues are placed inside the stupa is covered with holes like a cage. From outside the statues were still dim.

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Prambanan Temple, Klaten (Indonesia)

Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Hindu cultural heritage as the largest in Indonesia, Prambanan Temple does have a charm of its own beauty. Because besides the shape of the building and its layout is amazing, Prambanan temple also stores historical stories and legends that really attract tourists. No wonder when the temple is located on the edge of the highway 17 km from Yogyakarta to Solo is a mainstay attractions of both cities.

Temple complex built in the 9th century AD It has three main buildings beautiful architecture as high as 47 meters. The third building symbolizes the Trimurti, the doctrine of the three main deities of the temple of Shiva (God of fuser) in the middle,
Candi Brahma (God of Guardians) in the south, and Vishnu (God the Creator) in the north. Then in front of the main building there are three smaller temples as a symbol of vehicle (vehicle) of the Trimurti. The third temple is a temple Nandi (bull) which is the vehicle of Shiva, Brahma Temple Goose vehicle, and vehicle Garuda Vishnu Temple.

The tourists can also see and follow the story of the Ramayana story is carved reliefs on the walls in a clockwise direction the balustrade of the temple of Shiva and Brahma Temple continued. While on the balustrade of Vishnu carved reliefs Krisnayana story.

Prambanan Temple
Entering the main temple (Shiva temple) from the north, tourists can also see a statue of a beautiful princess named Roro Jonggrang. According to legend, Roro Jonggrang is the daughter of King Boko who wish to marry by Bondowoso, a man mighty son of King Pengging. Roro Jonggrang who do not love London, trying to reject this proposal by stipulating that made ​​a thousand temples in one night.

With supernatural powers, Bandung agreed terms and nearly managed to finish the job. Roro Jonggrang a panic, trying to thwart the success of this by mobilizing the village women to burn straw and pound rice so that the atmosphere changed as the morning.

Thought the deadline had expired, all the supernatural powers that help Bandung running. No doubt, the work is almost finished finally abandoned. This failure certainly makes Bandung wrath. And because they could not control his anger, Bandung cursed Roro Jonggrang into a statue.

Prambanan Temple
The complete story of the legend of tourists can be seen in the museum building is located within the premises of Prambanan Temple. Because in addition to having a play room Audio Visual film for 15 minutes about the history of the discovery of the Prambanan Temple until the renovation is complete and full pugarnya, this museum is also exhibiting a collection of archaeological objects and jewelry Mataram kings of ancient relics found in Wonoboyo, Klaten.
Tourism Indonesia Heaven on Earth.  

(Article source: Wikipedia)