Tarakan Mangrove Forest

Tarakan is a small island located in northern part of East Kalimantan Province . Surrounded by the sea and of course the beautiful mangrove forests. Tarakan government has a good program onconservation of mangroves, to create an area of mangrove forests into tourist object. Conservation of mangrove forest area of ​​21hectares in the city as a habitat for proboscis monkeys, and a variety of wild birds become one of destination of travelers.

Tarakan very concerned about the environment. This is proven by providing more than 30% of the total area of ​​protected areas namely the protection of the mangrove forest and land conservation. At the heart of the city there is a Mangrove Conservation and proboscis monkey Mangrove Forests in Tarakan has a 22 ha  on Jalan Gajah Mada with  widening the road of width approximately 20 meters. Initially it will only be the lungs of the city is growing.

In this forest there is a quarantine station to check the health of 25 rare ape called a proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). Once the people of Bulungan, Tarakan and Malinau call it Dutch Monkey, because his nose aquiline blond color and weighs about 24-30 pounds. In the area of ​​22 ha, from 25 species of Mangrove and there are also 32 species of birds that live there. Visitors who come to it as if it was jungle wilderness, not urban areas. To the center of mangroves, there is a bridge built of ironwood with a width of 2 meters and a length of 1976.6 M in the middle of amazing mangrove trees. This conservation area has become popular as a place to visit are the government and travelers both domestically and abroad. Almost all visitors were very impressed to see the beauty of the region, including Environment Minister Mr. Rachmat Witoelar (2004-2009) and Gusti Muhammad Hatta (2009-2011), Minister Kaban KehutananMS, Msi (2004-2009), State Enterprises Minister Dahlan Iskan, The Changcuter, ADA Band, Brandon de Angelo IMB Trans TV, PANJI, Nadine Candrawinata and his twin brother (Marcel and Mischa Chandrawinata). It is  currently now being cultivated to add another 13 hectares of land for the expansion of mangrove conservation area. With an area of ​​22 ha of course many more animals that will harness the potential of such nature and as efforts to improve coastal ecosystems from ocean waves.
It is not difficult to visit the place on this one tourist attraction. From THM Simpang Tiga which is the heart of the city of Tarakan, you just need less than 5 minutes using public transportation. Or even you can just walk and enjoy the sightseeing.  Location of mangrove forest conservation area, adjacent to exactly one of the market complex Gusher business centers of Tarakan . While on the right side directly to the cold storage industrial area and port Tengkayu II.

Senggigi Beach, The Beautiful Virgin from Lombok

It is one of the best beaches in Indonesia, located on the island of Lombok, the region is not far from the island of Bali, Senggigi Beach .If you want to visit the Senggigi beach on Lombok island very easy. You can reach Lombok  by flight from Bali, Surabaya or Jakarta. Arriving at the airport Selaparang you can use taxi services to travel about 30 minutes to the beach sengigi
Lombok Island is very beautiful island you must visit. The beauty of the Senggigi beach is also not less beautiful with kuta beach in bali, even when you are in Senggigi beach then you will feel at Kuta beach is unspoiled and quiet. Senggigi beach still has a very clean white sand, clean water beaches and calm so tempting every visitor to swim or sunbathe. Landscapes under the sea in Senggigi beach is also very beautiful, so it is suitable for those of you who want to dive to see the natural beauty under the sea in Senggigi beach.
Senggigi Beach is a coastal tourist area  West Nusa Tenggara Province, Senggigi beach is still relatively natural and kept clean. The beach is still like  beautiful virgin. The crash of the waves are not too large, and the beauty of the underwater scenery, further confirmed that the beach that stretches about 10 kilometers is an ideal place for domestic and foreign tourists for a moment forget the daily routine and atmosphere of hustle and bustle of the city. Senggigi Beach is now starting ogled by tourists, especially foreign tourists, because of the relatively virgin area and also has extensive information about his whereabouts. It makes the local government and increasingly keen to build and fix all the infrastructure, so that more tourists will be interested to visit this beach. To get the inns and hotels in the tourist area of Senggigi beach is also very easy, various hotels and inns can be found in the tourist area of Senggigi beach in Lombok island, so you do not need to fear and anxiety when visiting the Senggigi beach in Lombok, Indonesia.

The History Of East Nusa Tenggara

Because of the commodities of spices and sandalwood East Nusa Tenggara has become a destination of trading hundred years ago. Ships had sailed from various countries to visit this region because they want to get spices and sandalwood tree at a cheap price.

Sandalwood trees growing on some of the islands, especially on the island of Timor and Sumba has superior quality. In addition to the craft materials, sandalwood is used as a raw material of perfume, sandalwood oil.

The ancient Chinese travel chronicle Hsing Cha Sheng Can mentions that from the 6th to the 9th AD many ships from the Chinese mainland came here to barter with their merchandise of ceramics, yarns and silks, in exchange for sandalwood.

Can Yu Kua wrote in the Chu Fan Shih, in 1225, that Timor Island had links with Java as far as the trade of Sandalwood was concerned. Evidence of these old trade links with Java is to be found in the Dance of Lendo Maja, in Sabu. Evidence of early trading with China is provided by the antique Chinese ceramics that are to be found in this area.

There are so many horses on Sumba. It was because of  the merchants from India who come to these islands to buy sandalwood  brought horses that they had purchased in Arabia and sold them to the people of Sumba. Meanwhile the Europeans came to East Nusa Tenggara and purchased sandalwood oil for treating wounds.

In 1520, a Portuguese flotilla led by Alfonso de Abreu and Serrao, sailed to Ternate, intending to defeat the Sultan of Ternate and take over his sphere of influence, which stretched from the southern Philippines to Sangihe Talaud, Maluku and the Solor island. Losing their orientation, they arrived at Solor. They had failed to find their destination, but had discovered East Nusa Tenggara, the source of sandalwood.

They set up a trading post in Lamakera, on Solor Island, as a transit harbor between Maluku and Malacca. In 1566, the Portuguese set up a trading post, know as Fort Hendricus, where sandalwood was accumulated. During the Portuguese period, many names were changed. Nusa Nipa became Flores, and Tanah Wutun, or Tanjung, was renamed Cabo da Flores.

Nusa Wuo was changed into Sumba, and Nusa Eda into Rote or Roti, which was presumably the result of a misunderstanding involving the name Rote. Nusa Timu became Timor.

In addition, the Portuguese did their best to convert the people to Roman Catholicism. By 1597, thousands of people on these islands had been converted to Christianity.

The little town of Kupang is known among students of maritime history. Around the end of the 18th, century, Kupang was visited by a sloop of the British Ship HMS bounty skippered by Captain Bligh, who had braved the Pacific Ocean after the infamous mutiny. On his arrival at Kupang Captain Bligh received the help of the Dutch who provided him with a ship to return to England.

In 1592, an inhabitant of Larantuka, of Portuguese origin, whose mother had been ill treated, asked the Dutch for help to fight the Portuguese. The dutch attacked Fort Hendricus and defeated the Portuguese. The Dutch arrived at East Nusa Tenggara for the first time in the 1 7th century. In 1613, Apollonius Scotte led a war expedition to East Nusa Tenggara to fight the Portuguese.

War broke out and Soler fell to the Dutch in 1653. Through further victory, the Dutch consolidated their position in Kupang in 1657. Fort Hendricus became the headquarters of Dutch East India Company. Like the Portuguese before them, the Dutch brought their own Lutheran Ministers to the island.

After this the people living in the surroundings of Kupang converted from Catholicism to Protestantism and the Protestant center was moved to Kupang. Meanwhile, the Portuguese moved the seat of their authority to Rote and Sawu islands. Meanwhile, many of the other islands were being subjugated and put under Portuguese control.

In the months of May and June 1642, the Portuguese were sending their best troops from Larantuka to attack Timor Island. In 1739 a new power group, called the black Portuguese or Tropaas, emerged in Timor.

The situation continued until 1854, when the treaty of Timor was signed between the Dutch and Portuguese, dividing Timor into half with the west to be ruled by the Dutch, and the east by the Portuguese. Larantuka and surrounding areas were ceded to the Dutch whereas the barren territory of Oekusi was relinquished to the Portuguese.

This region now known as Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) or East Nusa Tenggara. After Indonesian independence in 1945, the eastern part of Indonesia declared the State of East Indonesia.The further states included in the United State of Indonesia. In 1950, the United States of Indonesia dissolved itself into a unitary state and begin to divide its territory into provinces. In 1958, the three provinces in the Lesser Sunda Islands was established, namely Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.The territory of East Nusa Tenggara province, including the western part of the island of Timor, Flores, Sumba, and other small islands in the region. The province is divided into twelve districts.